CBD oil has gained a lot of popularity over the past few years as a natural and effective alternative to prescription drugs and over-the-counter pain killers that are known to contain harsh chemical compounds. Known as nature’s perfect remedy the oil’s success is due to the powerful ingredient cannabidiol extracted from the cannabis plant. More than 60 cannabinoids have been isolated from the hemp plant with CBD (cannabidiol), CBN (Cannabinol) and Terpenes among the most prevalent.
Phytocannabinoids are natural, herbal cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant and CBD or cannabidiol is the non-psychotic form of cannabinoids that contains non-detectable THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). Research has shown that CBD, in fact, acts as an antagonist to THC, thereby negating the psychoactive effects of THC. CBD products can be used in several ways including capsules, edibles, tinctures, and vaping.
More and more people are choosing CBD as a remedy to provide relief from a wide range of conditions including relief from chronic pain and more serious conditions like multiple sclerosis and PTSD. CBD products allow sufferers to benefit from its many health properties without experiencing the negative psychoactive side effects of THC. At first, there was a lot of skepticism that a natural compound, particularly from the cannabis plant, could provide effective treatment for such a wide range of ailments. However, as medical research continued, backed by tens of thousands of positive reports from users, the fact that CBD works has become undeniable. Many of the anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiolytic properties of CBD that allow it to provide natural relief for pain, stress, and anxiety are inherited from the cannabis plant.
How Does CBD Work?
It is now scientifically understood that the human body has its own Endocannabinoid System (ECS) which is why CBD is such an effective form of alternative treatment for many ailments. Scientists have discovered that these systems are part of the vital functions of the body and are solely dependent on the interaction with cannabinoids.
The endocannabinoid system consists of a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors with neuromodulator lipids and receptors, mainly located in the mammalian brain as well as throughout the peripheral and nervous systems of the body. CB1 and CB2 receptors have been identified that specifically send signals to the immune system, strengthening it naturally. CBD has been found to interact directly with these two receptors, helping to boost the immune system and work against the factors that are weakening it.
The first cannabinoid receptors were discovered by researchers in 1988 in the brain of a rat, primarily in the regions responsible for physiological and mental processes such as memory, emotion, cognition, and motor coordination. In scientific studies, these receptors were found to react directly to THC.
In 1993 a second receptor was discovered that formed part of the central nervous system and the immune system. This sparked more research resulting in the discovery that these receptors are also found in humans. In 1995 they were officially referred to as CB1 and CB2 and after tons of clinical trials, researchers were able to reverse engineer their findings, tracing it back to metabolic pathways in various cannabinoids. This led to the discovery of an entirely new and unknown system that exists between the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body and receptors in cannabis compounds which were named “endocannabinoids”. Due to the role of these endocannabinoids in the system, it became officially known as the Endocannabinoid System or ECS.
The ECS system is a vital part of the system that maintains homeostasis, an ideal balance between the interdependent elements of the body. For example, when we become stressed cortisol is released - a hormone that causes quick reactions during dangerous situations. Too much cortisol, however, can disrupt physical and psychological homeostasis and cause serious health problems. Certain endocannabinoids released into the body help to reduce stress and manage our perceptions of whether situations are dangerous or not, resulting in less cortisol being released. Scientists have now discovered that the introduction of external endocannabinoids (CBD) into the body can help restore homeostasis and provide relief from pain and anxiety.